Management is an art of getting things done through others. It is a group of persons responsible for carrying on a business. It is a separate subject of study.
It is responsible for overall policy making after fixing the objectives and framing the plans.
Management has broadly three levels
Top level is concerned with framing plans and policies.
Middle level is concerned with implementation of plans.
Lower level is concerned with getting the work from workers by giving them instructions.
It means integration of activities and efforts for the achievement of group goals.
It involves taking decisions regarding what, why when, how etc.
It means bringing together all the resources to utilize for the achievement of goals. It also means designing a structural framework of employees for achieving the goals of an enterprise.
Formal: It means under rules and regulations, planned.
Informal : Unplanned, automatic and spontaneous.
Authority means the right to take decisions.
Responsibility is an obligation to do the work.
Persons having decision making authority and having direct control over the subordinates.
These are the specialists or experts attached to the line officers for the purpose of giving suggestions.
This is handing over task, giving authority and creating responsibility for doing the work.
Concentration of authority at top level management.
Dispersal of authority at different levels of management.
Function of management concerned with acquiring, maintaining and developing the workforce of an enterprise.
Informing and stimulating the prospective candidates to apply for the job in an organization.
It is choice of the best possible candidate to fill a vacant job in an organization.
Imparting knowledge in a particular skill relating to the job.
It is the reward for the services rendered by the employee to the organization.
It is the technique used to encourage employees for better performance.
It is the process to encourage employees for better performance.
It means giving instructions, supervising, motivating, leading and communicating, for activating the plans.
Overseeing the employees at work.
Influencing the other persons to get the work done.
Exchange of ideas, information, opinions etc.
It means to check whether the work has been done according to the plans, objectives achieved, if not, finding causes and taking corrective actions.